Iranian Journal of Dermatology

   
 
Vol. 15, No. 62, Winter 2012
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Incidence of skin cancers in Kerman Province, Iran from March 2005 to March 2010: Trend analysis for the next 10 years
Leila Dehghani, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour

Contact Info: Narges Khanjani, MD, PhD Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Kerman Medical University, Kerman, Iran Email: n_khanjani@kmu.ac.ir


Date Received: 2012 / Dec / 04 Date Revised: 2012 / Dec / 04 Date Accepted: 2012 / Dec / 30

Abstract:
Background: Skin cancers are the most common human cancers.
The most common skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma, squamous
cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Different factors are
involved in development of skin cancers; the most notable one
is exposure to ultraviolet radiation. In this study, the incidence
of skin cancer was determined in Kerman province where is
located in the desert region of Iran with ample sunlight, during
a 5–year period.
Method: All registered cases of skin cancers between March
2005 and March 2010 were retrieved from the Kerman Province
Cancer Registry. For each patient, data about age, gender,
location, pathologic type of cancer and site of skin involvement,
were obtained. Incidence rates according to the age, sex and the
location of the lesions were calculated. Trend analysis was done
for the next 10 years.
Result: During these 5 years, 1250 cases of skin cancer were
recorded. The incidence in men was 1.2 times higher than women.
The highest incidence was seen in individulas older than 80 years
of age. Fifty percent of all skin cancers were located on the face.
The highest incidence was observed in the city of Kerman with
an annual incidence of 12.6 in 100,000. Trend analysis showed
that the incidence of skin cancer in Kerman province would reach
23 in 100 000 people in 2019, which is 2.3 times higher than the
incidence rate in 2009.
Conclusion: Skin cancer is a public health concern in Kerman
province in Iran. Considering the desert climate and the intensity of
sunlight in most seasons, it is necessary to plan scientific practical
interventions to prevent skin cancer and reduce its incidence..

Keywords: incidence, skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma


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