Iranian Journal of Dermatology

   
 
Vol. 16, No. 66, Winter 2013
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Impact of dermatological diseases on family members of the patients using Family Dermatology Life Quality Index: A preliminary study in Iran
Farhad Handjani, Amir Kalafi

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Date Received: 2014 / Apr / 12 Date Revised: 2014 / Apr / 12 Date Accepted: 2014 / Apr / 12

Abstract:
Background: Chronic skin diseases such as vitiligo and psoriasis
can impair the quality of life in the patients with these diseases.
The impact of chronic and/or severe skin diseases on the lives
of family members of the affected patients has only recently
been addressed. The tool used for this assessment is the Family
Dermatology Life Quality Index (FDLQI). The aim of this study
was to use the FDLQI to assess the impact of four skin diseases
(pemphigus, psoriasis, vitiligo, and cutaneous leishmaniasis) on
family members of the affected patients.
Method: Fifty healthy family members of 50 patients with
pemphigus, psoriasis, vitiligo, and cutaneous leishmaniasis were
included in this study. The patients had to have an extensive
disease with disease duration of at least one month. One family
member of each patient completed the 10- item Persian version
of the FLDQI questionnaire. The score of this index ranged from
0 to 30.
Result: The mean duration and mean FDLQI score of the diseases
were as follows: psoriasis (mean duration=4.1±2.7, mean FDLQI
score=14.7±5.01), pemphigus (mean duration=3.6±2.3, mean
FDLQI score=15.4±4.7), vitiligo (mean duration=5.1±4.05, mean
FDLQI score=14.4±5.08) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (mean
duration=0.62±0.23, mean FDLQI score=12.0±4.3). There was no
significant difference among the groups (p=0.562). In addition, no
strong correlation was observed between the mean duration of
the disease and mean FDLQI scores for each condition (r=0.051,
p=0.726).
Conclusion: This small-scale study demonstrated that although
not statistically significant, inflammatory diseases like pemphigus
had a higher FDLQI score when compared to non-inflammatory
conditions like vitiligo and short-term conditions such as
leishmaniasis.

Keywords: cutaneous leishmaniasis, family dermatology life quality index, quality of life, pemphigus, psoriasis, skin disease, vitiligo


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